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DBMS > 4D vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Oracle Coherence

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Oracle Coherence

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Coherence  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Oracles in-memory data grid solution
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#110  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score3.58
Rank#92  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#8  Wide column stores
Score2.02
Rank#131  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.oracle.com/­java/­coherence
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­middleware/­standalone/­coherence
Developer4D, IncGoogleOracle
Initial release198420152007
Current releasev20, April 202314.1, August 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nono
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JCache
JPA
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesnoyes infoLive Events
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes, with selectable consistency level
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptionally
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)authentification to access the cache via certificates or http basic authentication

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGoogle Cloud BigtableOracle Coherence
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