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DBMS > 4D vs. Google BigQuery vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Google BigQuery vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesTypeDB provides developers with an expressive, customizable type system to manage their data using an award-winning query language, TypeQL, while building on a high-performance, distributed architecture.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS infoThe type-theoretic data model of TypeDB subsumes the graph database model.
Object oriented DBMS infoThe data model of TypeDB comprises object-oriented features such as class inheritance and interfaces.
Relational DBMS infoThe type-theoretic data model of TypeDB subsumes the relational database model.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score57.82
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score0.63
Rank#236  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#9  Object oriented DBMS
#109  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comcloud.google.com/­bigquerytypedb.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docstypedb.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncGoogleVaticle
Initial release198420102016
Current releasev20, April 20232.28.3, June 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIgRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (IDE)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
All JVM based languages
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptno
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneno
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSynchronous replication via raft
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)yes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGoogle BigQueryTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsTypeDB is a polymorphic database with a conceptual data model, a strong subtyping...
» more
Competitive advantagesTypeDB provides a new level of expressivity, extensibility, interoperability, and...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache f or language drivers, and AGPL and Commercial for the database server. The...
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGoogle BigQueryTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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