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DBMS > 4D vs. GigaSpaces InsightEdge vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. GigaSpaces InsightEdge vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGigaSpaces InsightEdge  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh performance in-memory data grid platform, powering three products: Smart Cache, Smart ODS (Operational Data Store), Smart Augmented TransactionsGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS infoValues are user defined objects
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS
Search engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.53
Rank#234  Overall
#36  Document stores
#13  Object oriented DBMS
Score38.52
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score2.01
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.gigaspaces.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncGigaspaces TechnologiesMicrosoftOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984200020141998
Current releasev18 R5, January 202115.5, September 202011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadatano
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-99 for query and DML statementsSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C++
Java
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesJavaScriptPL/SQL
Triggersyesyes, event driven architectureJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executorswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANYBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGigaSpaces InsightEdgeMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTimesTen
Specific characteristicsGigaSpaces, the pioneer of In-Memory Computing , drives enterprise digital transformation...
» more
Competitive advantages​ AI Driven Autonomous Operations – GigaSpaces’ unique AI driven technology simplifies...
» more
Typical application scenariosApplication Acceleration, Smart Caching, BI Acceleration on Fresh Data, Digital Integration...
» more
Key customersMorgan Stanley, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, PriceRunner, Cerner, Societe Generale,...
» more
Market metricsForrester has positioned GigaSpaces as a strong performer in The Forrester Wave™:...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGigaSpaces offers both open source and commercial editions with annual subscriptions....
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGigaSpaces InsightEdgeMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTimesTen
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