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DBMS > 4D vs. GigaSpaces vs. SQLite vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. GigaSpaces vs. SQLite vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGigaSpaces  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh performance in-memory data grid platform, powering three products: Smart Cache, Smart ODS (Operational Data Store), Smart Augmented TransactionsWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS infoValues are user defined objects
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.77
Rank#197  Overall
#31  Document stores
#10  Object oriented DBMS
Score127.43
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score1.79
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.gigaspaces.comwww.sqlite.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncGigaspaces TechnologiesDwayne Richard HippOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984200020001998
Current releasev18 R5, January 202115.5, September 20203.37.2  (6 January 2022), January 202211 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, C++, .NetC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
server-lessAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infodynamic column typesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadatanono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-99 for query and DML statementsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C++
Java
Python
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesnoPL/SQL
Triggersyesyes, event driven architectureyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
noneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executorsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANYImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGigaSpacesSQLiteTimesTen
Specific characteristicsGigaSpaces, the pioneer of In-Memory Computing , drives enterprise digital transformation...
» more
Competitive advantages​ AI Driven Autonomous Operations – GigaSpaces’ unique AI driven technology simplifies...
» more
Typical application scenariosApplication Acceleration, Smart Caching, BI Acceleration on Fresh Data, Digital Integration...
» more
Key customersMorgan Stanley, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, PriceRunner, Cerner, Societe Generale,...
» more
Market metricsForrester has positioned GigaSpaces as a strong performer in The Forrester Wave™:...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGigaSpaces offers both open source and commercial editions with annual subscriptions....
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGigaSpacesSQLiteTimesTen
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