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DBMS > 4D vs. GigaSpaces vs. RRDtool vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. GigaSpaces vs. RRDtool vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGigaSpaces  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh performance in-memory data grid platform, powering three products: Smart Cache, Smart ODS (Operational Data Store), Smart Augmented TransactionsIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS infoValues are user defined objects
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#118  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score1.32
Rank#173  Overall
#32  Document stores
#7  Object oriented DBMS
Score2.65
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score132.44
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.gigaspaces.comoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.htmloss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­docwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
Developer4D, IncGigaspaces TechnologiesTobias OetikerDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release1984200019992000
Current releasev18 R5, January 202115.5, September 20201.8.0, 20223.40.0  (16 November 2022), November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSSOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, C++, .NetC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# availableC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadatano infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-99 for query and DML statementsnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
in-process shared library
Pipes
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C++
Java
Python
Scala
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesnono
Triggersyesyes, event driven architecturenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executorsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANYnone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlnono

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGigaSpacesRRDtoolSQLite
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