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DBMS > 4D vs. GigaSpaces vs. Realm vs. RRDtool vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. GigaSpaces vs. Realm vs. RRDtool vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGigaSpaces  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh performance in-memory data grid platform, powering three products: Smart Cache, Smart ODS (Operational Data Store), Smart Augmented TransactionsA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS infoValues are user defined objects
Document storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#113  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score1.21
Rank#178  Overall
#31  Document stores
#7  Object oriented DBMS
Score9.51
Rank#51  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score2.52
Rank#117  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score137.80
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.gigaspaces.comrealm.iooss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.htmlrealm.io/­docsoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­docwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
Developer4D, IncGigaspaces TechnologiesRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Tobias OetikerDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release19842000201419992000
Current releasev18 R5, January 202115.5, September 20201.8.0, 20223.39.3  (5 September 2022), September 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSSOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, C++, .NetC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# availableC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data onlyyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadatanono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-99 for query and DML statementsnonoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
in-process shared library
Pipes
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C++
Java
Python
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessarynono
Triggersyesyes, event driven architectureyes infoChange Listenersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
nonenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executorsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANYImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoIn-Memory realmyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlyesnono
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGigaSpacesRealmRRDtoolSQLite
Specific characteristicsGigaSpaces, the pioneer of In-Memory Computing , drives enterprise digital transformation...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantages​ AI Driven Autonomous Operations – GigaSpaces’ unique AI driven technology simplifies...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosApplication Acceleration, Smart Caching, BI Acceleration on Fresh Data, Digital Integration...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersMorgan Stanley, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, PriceRunner, Cerner, Societe Generale,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsForrester has positioned GigaSpaces as a strong performer in The Forrester Wave™:...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGigaSpaces offers both open source and commercial editions with annual subscriptions....
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGigaSpacesRealmRRDtoolSQLite
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