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DBMS > 4D vs. GigaSpaces vs. MySQL vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. GigaSpaces vs. MySQL vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGigaSpaces  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh performance in-memory data grid platform, powering three products: Smart Cache, Smart ODS (Operational Data Store), Smart Augmented TransactionsWidely used open source RDBMSVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS infoValues are user defined objects
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS
Search engine
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.77
Rank#197  Overall
#31  Document stores
#10  Object oriented DBMS
Score1206.05
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score5.37
Rank#73  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#40  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#8  Search engines
Websitewww.4d.comwww.gigaspaces.comwww.mysql.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.htmldev.mysql.com/­docdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
Developer4D, IncGigaspaces TechnologiesOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOpenLink Software
Initial release1984200019951998
Current releasev18 R5, January 202115.5, September 20208.0.28, January 202208.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJava, C++, .NetC and C++C
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadatayesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-99 for query and DML statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C++
Java
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infoproprietary syntaxyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyes, event driven architectureyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Chain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executorsnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANYImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGigaSpacesMySQLVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsGigaSpaces, the pioneer of In-Memory Computing , drives enterprise digital transformation...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantages​ AI Driven Autonomous Operations – GigaSpaces’ unique AI driven technology simplifies...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
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Typical application scenariosApplication Acceleration, Smart Caching, BI Acceleration on Fresh Data, Digital Integration...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersMorgan Stanley, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, PriceRunner, Cerner, Societe Generale,...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsForrester has positioned GigaSpaces as a strong performer in The Forrester Wave™:...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGigaSpaces offers both open source and commercial editions with annual subscriptions....
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGigaSpacesMySQLVirtuoso
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