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DBMS > 4D vs. GigaSpaces vs. Impala vs. RRDtool

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. GigaSpaces vs. Impala vs. RRDtool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGigaSpaces  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh performance in-memory data grid platform, powering three products: Smart Cache, Smart ODS (Operational Data Store), Smart Augmented TransactionsAnalytic DBMS for HadoopIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS infoValues are user defined objects
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS
Search engine
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.77
Rank#197  Overall
#31  Document stores
#10  Object oriented DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score2.08
Rank#118  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.gigaspaces.comwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmloss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmloss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­doc
Developer4D, IncGigaspaces TechnologiesClouderaTobias Oetiker
Initial release1984200020131999
Current releasev18 R5, January 202115.5, September 20204.0.0, July 20211.7.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSS
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, C++, .NetC++C infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
LinuxHP-UX
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadatanono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-99 for query and DML statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
JDBC
ODBC
in-process shared library
Pipes
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C++
Java
Python
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersyesyes, event driven architecturenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
selectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executorsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANYEventual Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemon
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsRole-based access controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosno
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGigaSpacesImpalaRRDtool
Specific characteristicsGigaSpaces, the pioneer of In-Memory Computing , drives enterprise digital transformation...
» more
Competitive advantages​ AI Driven Autonomous Operations – GigaSpaces’ unique AI driven technology simplifies...
» more
Typical application scenariosApplication Acceleration, Smart Caching, BI Acceleration on Fresh Data, Digital Integration...
» more
Key customersMorgan Stanley, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, PriceRunner, Cerner, Societe Generale,...
» more
Market metricsForrester has positioned GigaSpaces as a strong performer in The Forrester Wave™:...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGigaSpaces offers both open source and commercial editions with annual subscriptions....
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGigaSpacesImpalaRRDtool
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