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DBMS > 4D vs. Geode vs. PostGIS vs. QuestDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Geode vs. PostGIS vs. QuestDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparisonQuestDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesSpatial extension of PostgreSQLA high performance open source SQL database for time series data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeSpatial DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#135  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
Score31.27
Rank#28  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Score1.28
Rank#154  Overall
#11  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgeode.apache.orgpostgis.netquestdb.io
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgeode.apache.org/­docspostgis.net/­documentationquestdb.io/­docs/­introduction
Developer4D, IncOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.QuestDB Limited
Initial release1984200220052014
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.1, February 20173.2.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfireOpen Source infoGPL v2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaCJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infoschema-free via InfluxDB Line Protocol
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query language (OQL)yesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Java Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST
InfluxDB Line Protocol (TCP/UDP)
JDBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
C infoPostgreSQL driver
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust infoover HTTP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsuser defined functionsno
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes infobased on PostgreSQLhorizontal partitioning (by timestamps)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationyes infobased on PostgreSQLConfigurable consistency for N replicas
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeACIDACID for single-table writes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes infothrough memory mapped files
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights per client and object definableyes infobased on PostgreSQL
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGeodePostGISQuestDB
Specific characteristicsRelational model with native time series support Column based storage and time partitioned...
» more
Competitive advantagesReal-time data ingestion and istant SQL queries for time series High performance...
» more
Typical application scenariosApplication metrics Financial market data and algo trading DevOps monitoring Real-time...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0.
» more
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGeodePostGISQuestDB
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