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DBMS > 4D vs. Geode vs. LMDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Geode vs. LMDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonLMDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesA high performant, light-weight, embedded key-value database library
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score1.62
Rank#137  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
Score2.53
Rank#111  Overall
#21  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comgeode.apache.orgwww.symas.com/­symas-embedded-database-lmdb
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgeode.apache.org/­docs
Developer4D, IncOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.Symas
Initial release198420022011
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.1, February 20170.9.29, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfireOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also required
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query language (OQL)no
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Java Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsno
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights per client and object definableno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGeodeLMDB
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