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DBMS > 4D vs. Geode vs. KairosDB vs. Valentina Server

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Geode vs. KairosDB vs. Valentina Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonKairosDB  Xexclude from comparisonValentina Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesDistributed Time Series DBMS based on Cassandra or H2Object-relational database and reports server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#109  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#135  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
Score0.67
Rank#214  Overall
#16  Time Series DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#282  Overall
#134  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgeode.apache.orggithub.com/­kairosdb/­kairosdbwww.valentina-db.net
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgeode.apache.org/­docskairosdb.github.iovalentina-db.com/­docs/­dokuwiki/­v5/­doku.php
Developer4D, IncOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.Paradigma Software
Initial release1984200220131999
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.1, February 20171.2.2, November 20185.7.5
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfireOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query language (OQL)noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Java Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Graphite protocol
HTTP REST
Telnet API
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Visual Basic
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsnoyes
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infobased on Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights per client and object definablesimple password-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGeodeKairosDBValentina Server
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