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DBMS > 4D vs. GeoMesa vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. GeoMesa vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGeoMesa  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemGeoMesa is a distributed spatio-temporal DBMS based on various systems as storage layer.A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#118  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score1.05
Rank#199  Overall
#4  Spatial DBMS
Score0.16
Rank#344  Overall
#49  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.geomesa.orgwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.geomesa.org/­documentation/­stable/­user/­index.htmlwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
Developer4D, IncCCRi and others8Kdata
Initial release198420142016
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.4.1, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache License 2.0Open Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageScalaJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92no
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesno
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonedepending on storage layerSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationdepending on storage layerSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencydepending on storage layerEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nodepending on storage layer
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyes infodepending on the DBMS used for storageAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGeoMesaToroDB
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