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DBMS > 4D vs. GeoMesa vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. GeoMesa vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonGeoMesa  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemGeoMesa is a distributed spatio-temporal DBMS based on various systems as storage layer.A Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSpatial DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#192  Overall
#3  Spatial DBMS
Score5.42
Rank#72  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.geomesa.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.geomesa.org/­documentation/­stable/­user/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
Developer4D, IncCCRi and othersMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release1984201420121989
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.1.1, January 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache License 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageScalaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nonoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonedepending on storage layerSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationdepending on storage layeryes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencydepending on storage layerImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnooptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nodepending on storage layernoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsyes infodepending on the DBMS used for storageAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionGeoMesaMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL Server
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