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DBMS > 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. FoundationDB vs. Redis vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. eXtremeDB vs. FoundationDB vs. Redis vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.In-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#95  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score0.44
Rank#217  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
#12  Time Series DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#161  Overall
#23  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#78  Relational DBMS
Score148.75
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score5.79
Rank#56  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilywww.foundationdb.orgredis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmapple.github.io/­foundationdbredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
Developer4D, IncMcObjectFoundationDBSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release19842001201320091992
Current releasev17.0, July 20188.0, May 20186.2.11, November 20195.0.7, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typingpartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infosupport of XML interfaces availablenoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
proprietary protocol
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesin SQL-layer onlyLuayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Master-slave replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
yesMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Master-slave replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesin SQL-layer onlynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBFoundationDBRedisSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensioneXtremeDBFoundationDBRedisSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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