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DBMS > 4D vs. FoundationDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. FoundationDB

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Our visitors often compare 4D and FoundationDB with MySQL, PostgreSQL and Oracle.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.54
Rank#105  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score1.33
Rank#149  Overall
#25  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.foundationdb.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comapple.github.io/­foundationdb
Developer4D, IncFoundationDB
Initial release19842013
Current releasev18 R5, January 20216.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92supported in specific SQL layer only
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin SQL-layer only
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesin SQL-layer only
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionFoundationDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Recent citations in the news

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Mobile Power Generation Equipment Rentals Market Research Report 2021 - SAP, Hitachi, Progress Software - The Market Gossip
4 August 2021, The Market Gossip

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Appleā€™s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News



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