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DBMS > 4D vs. dBASE vs. FileMaker vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. dBASE vs. FileMaker vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisondBASE  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemdBase was one of the first databases with a development environment on PC's. Its latest version dBase V is still sold as dBase classic, which needs a DOS Emulation. The up-to-date product is dBase plus.FileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.In-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score14.07
Rank#41  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score52.32
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score2.01
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.dbase.comwww.claris.com/­filemakerwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.dbase.com/­support/­knowledgebasewww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncAsthon TateFileMaker infoa subsidiary of AppleOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984197919831998
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021dBASE 2019, 201919.3.1, June 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
DOS infodBase Classic
Windows infodBase Pro
iOS
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infovia pluginsyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
none infoThe IDE can access other DBMS or ODBC-sources.Filemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
dBase proprietary IDEPHPC
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesno infoThe IDE can access stored procedures in other database systems.yesPL/SQL
Triggersyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneSource-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infonot for dBase internal data, but IDE does support transactions when accessing external DBMSnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users and rolessimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensiondBASEFileMakerTimesTen
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