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DBMS > 4D vs. FileMaker vs. Riak KV vs. TimesTen vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. FileMaker vs. Riak KV vs. TimesTen vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Distributed, fault tolerant key-value storeIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to OracleHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score53.86
Rank#22  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score6.50
Rank#60  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score1.84
Rank#128  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.claris.com/­filemakerriak.com/­products/­riak-kvwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.htmlwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1docs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
Developer4D, IncFileMaker infoa subsidiary of AppleBasho TechnologiesOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005Yugabyte Inc.
Initial release19841983200919982017
Current releasev18 R5, January 202119.3.1, June 20212.1.0, April 201511 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)2.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
iOS
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infovia pluginsnoyesyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Filemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
PHPC infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesJavaScript and ErlangPL/SQLyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infono "single point of failure"noneHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Based on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infolinks between data sets can be storedyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpointsyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupssimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionFileMakerRiak KVTimesTenYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsYugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesPostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosSystems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Market metrics900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionFileMakerRiak KVTimesTenYugabyteDB
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