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DBMS > 4D vs. FileMaker vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. FileMaker vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Widely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.74
Rank#119  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score52.80
Rank#21  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score1247.52
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.claris.com/­filemakerwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
Developer4D, IncFileMaker infoa subsidiary of AppleOracle
Initial release198419831980
Current releasev18 R5, January 202119.4.1, November 202121c, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
iOS infoclient part only
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infovia pluginsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Filemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
PHPC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupssimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionFileMakerOracle
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Recent citations in the news

Claris’s Plans for FileMaker Bode Well for Individual Users
23 August 2022, TidBITS

Claris FileMaker Pro & FileMaker Server updated with macOS Ventura compatibility
30 November 2022, AppleInsider

Claris Is Renaming FileMaker
2 September 2022, Daring Fireball

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