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DBMS > 4D vs. etcd vs. FileMaker vs. LevelDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. etcd vs. FileMaker vs. LevelDB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed reliable key-value storeFileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score11.54
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score55.86
Rank#22  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score3.08
Rank#98  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score2.02
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.cometcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
www.claris.com/­filemakergithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.cometcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
www.claris.com/­resources/­documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.tigergraph.com
Developer4D, IncFileMaker infoa subsidiary of AppleGoogle
Initial release1984198320112017
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.4, August 201919.3.1, June 20211.23, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
iOS
OS X
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatnono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infovia pluginsnoSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
Filemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
PHPC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesnoyes
Triggersyesyes, watching key changesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Source-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnosimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesnoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionetcdFileMakerLevelDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionetcdFileMakerLevelDBTigerGraph
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