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DBMS > 4D vs. FileMaker vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Riak KV vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. FileMaker vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Riak KV vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Distributed, fault tolerant key-value storeIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSWide column storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score53.86
Rank#22  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score3.63
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score6.50
Rank#60  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.claris.com/­filemakercloud.google.com/­bigtableriak.com/­products/­riak-kvwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncFileMaker infoa subsidiary of AppleGoogleBasho TechnologiesOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release19841983201520091998
Current releasev18 R5, January 202119.3.1, June 20212.1.0, April 201511 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlang
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
iOS
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnorestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infovia pluginsnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Filemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
PHPC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesnoJavaScript and ErlangPL/SQL
Triggersyesyesnoyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono infolinks between data sets can be storedyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoAtomic single-row operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupssimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionFileMakerGoogle Cloud BigtableRiak KVTimesTen
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