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DBMS > 4D vs. Fauna vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Fauna vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonFauna  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFauna (previously named FaunaDB) provides a web-native interface, with support for GraphQL and custom business logic that integrates seamlessly with the rest of the serverless ecosystem. The underlying globally distributed storage and compute platform is fast, consistent, and reliable, with a modern security infrastructure.In-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.40
Rank#111  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score1.67
Rank#135  Overall
#22  Document stores
#12  Graph DBMS
#66  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score1.95
Rank#121  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comfauna.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.fauna.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncFauna, Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release198420141998
Current releasev18 R5, January 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageScala
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsPL/SQL
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsIdentity management, authentication, and access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionFaunaTimesTen
Specific characteristicsServerless database delivered as an API Web-native security model with attribute...
» more
Competitive advantages100% serverless , no connection pooling bottlenecks, or cold starts unlike legacy...
» more
Typical application scenariosJavascript apps Serverless backends for microservices Cloud-native apps B2B and B2C...
» more
Key customersShiftX
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsUsage-based pricing including a free tier
» more

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionFaunaTimesTen
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