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DBMS > 4D vs. EsgynDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. EsgynDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.29
Rank#263  Overall
#121  Relational DBMS
Score52.86
Rank#19  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score1.45
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.14
Rank#158  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comesgyn.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comesgyn.com/­developershelp.sap.com/­hanawww.stardog.com/­docsdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
Developer4D, IncEsgynSAPStardog-UnionYugabyte Inc.
Initial release19842015201020102017
Current releasev18.1, March 20202.0 SPS04 (April 5, 2019), April 20197.3.0, May 20202.2.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++, JavaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxAppliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Stored ProceduresSQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesnoyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyesnoneHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication between multi datacentersyesMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionEsgynDBSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Gain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
YugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together four must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
YugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
YugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionEsgynDBSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
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