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DBMS > 4D vs. EsgynDB vs. MonetDB vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. EsgynDB vs. MonetDB vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionA relational database management system that stores data in columnsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score0.21
Rank#288  Overall
#134  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#131  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.esgyn.cnwww.monetdb.orgorientdb.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
Developer4D, IncEsgynMonetDB BVOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release1984201520042010
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021Jul2021-SP2, July 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++, JavaCJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Stored Proceduresyes, in SQL, C, RJava, Javascript
TriggersyesnoyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding via remote tablesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication between multi datacentersnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionEsgynDBMonetDBOrientDB
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionEsgynDBMonetDBOrientDB
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