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DBMS > 4D vs. Elasticsearch vs. Memgraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Elasticsearch vs. Memgraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scale
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#109  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score151.25
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.08
Rank#305  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchmemgraph.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.memgraph.com
Developer4D, IncElasticMemgraph Ltd
Initial release198420102017
Current releasev18.1, March 20207.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial infoFree license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes
Triggersyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesMulti-source replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infowith snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers, roles and permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionElasticsearchMemgraph
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionElasticsearchMemgraph
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