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DBMS > 4D vs. Ehcache vs. Google BigQuery

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Ehcache vs. Google BigQuery

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonEhcache  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA widely adopted Java cache with tiered storage optionsLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tables
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.92
Rank#106  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score6.63
Rank#61  Overall
#8  Key-value stores
Score45.01
Rank#24  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.ehcache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigquery
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.ehcache.org/­documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docs
Developer4D, IncTerracotta Inc, owned by Software AGGoogle
Initial release198420092010
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.8.1, September 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JCacheRESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Java.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functions infoin JavaScript
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoby using Terracotta Servernone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoby using Terracotta Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyTunable Consistency (Strong, Eventual, Weak)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infosupports JTA and can work as an XA resourceno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying data
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing a tiered cache-storage approachyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionEhcacheGoogle BigQuery
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