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DBMS > 4D vs. EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Snowflake vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Snowflake vs. TerarkDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.64
Rank#104  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score3.09
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score7.83
Rank#49  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score2.73
Rank#101  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#309  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.exasol.com/­en/­productsfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.snowflake.comgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourcesfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoredocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
Developer4D, IncExasolGoogleSnowflake Computing Inc.Terark
Initial release19842000201720142016
Current releasev18.1, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Java
Lua
Python
R
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsuser defined functionsno
Triggersyesyesyes, with Cloud Functionsno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replicationyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoHadoop integrationUsing Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyesACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionEXASOLGoogle Cloud FirestoreSnowflakeTerarkDB
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