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DBMS > 4D vs. EJDB vs. etcd vs. LevelDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. EJDB vs. etcd vs. LevelDB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonEJDB  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemEmbeddable document-store database library with JSON representation of queries (in MongoDB style)A distributed reliable key-value storeEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value storeKey-value storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#286  Overall
#39  Document stores
Score11.54
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score3.08
Rank#98  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score2.02
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comejdb.orgetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
github.com/­google/­leveldbwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgithub.com/­Softmotions/­ejdb/­blob/­master/­README.mdetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
github.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.tigergraph.com
Developer4D, IncSoftmotionsGoogle
Initial release1984201220112017
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.4, August 20191.23, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCGoC++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
server-lessFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, bool, date, object_idnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesnonono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nononoSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
in-process shared librarygRPC
JSON over HTTP
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Actionscript
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
Objective-C
Pike
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnononoyes
Triggersyesnoyes, watching key changesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not needed, however similar functionality with collection joins possiblenonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoRead/Write Lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnononoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionEJDBetcdLevelDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionEJDBetcdLevelDBTigerGraph
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