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DBMS > 4D vs. DuckDB vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. DuckDB vs. STSdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#282  Overall
#131  Relational DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#321  Overall
#49  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comduckdb.orggithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comduckdb.org/­docs
Developer4D, IncSTS Soft SC
Initial release198420182011
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.2, August 20204.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C#
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
server-lessWindows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
CLI Client
JDBC
.NET Client API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnono

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDuckDBSTSdb
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