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DBMS > 4D vs. DuckDB vs. Hazelcast vs. TypeDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. DuckDB vs. Hazelcast vs. TypeDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparisonUniData,UniVerse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSA widely adopted in-memory data gridTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query languageMultiValue database and application server with SQL mapping layer and meta database capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Multivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#282  Overall
#131  Relational DBMS
Score9.52
Rank#50  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Score0.76
Rank#198  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#95  Relational DBMS
Score3.62
Rank#90  Overall
#2  Multivalue DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comduckdb.orghazelcast.comvaticle.comwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comduckdb.org/­docshazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsdocs.vaticle.comwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2/­documentation
Developer4D, IncHazelcastVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)Rocket Software
Initial release19842018200820161985
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.2, August 20205.0, September 20212.5, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaJavaC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
server-lessAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
CLI Client
JDBC
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Java API infoJPA
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
Basic infoU2 Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesnoyes
Triggersyesnoyes infoEventsnoyes infoU2 Basic
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingSharding infoby using Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneyes infoReplicated MapMulti-source replication infoby using CassandraSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono infosubstituted by the relationship featureno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACIDACID infoconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoRole-based access controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights according to SQL-standard and operating system based
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDuckDBHazelcastTypeDB infoformerly named GraknUniData,UniVerse
Specific characteristicsMeet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesEntity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDuckDBHazelcastTypeDB infoformerly named GraknUniData,UniVerse
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