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DBMS > 4D vs. DuckDB vs. HarperDB vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. DuckDB vs. HarperDB vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonHarperDB  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSA DBMS for IoT projects, analytical and transactional use cases , runnable on IoT devices and in the cloud, in distributed and replicated environmentsDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#109  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.10
Rank#297  Overall
#132  Relational DBMS
Score0.48
Rank#235  Overall
#36  Document stores
Score4.17
Rank#82  Overall
#14  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comduckdb.orgharperdb.iorethinkdb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comduckdb.org/­docsdocs.harperdb.iorethinkdb.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncHarperDBThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release1984201820172009
Current releasev18.1, March 20200.2, August 20202.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial infofree community edition availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Node.jsC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
server-lessLinux
OS X
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesdynamic schemaschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON data typesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesSQL-like data manipulation statementsno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
CLI Client
JDBC
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
TriggersyesnonoClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneA table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a clusterSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneyes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be definedSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic execution of specific operationsAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, using LMDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnoAccess rights for users and rolesyes infousers and table-level permissions

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDuckDBHarperDBRethinkDB
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