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DBMS > 4D vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#292  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Score0.52
Rank#224  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.commemgraph.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.memgraph.comtrafodion.apache.org
Developer4D, IncDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph LtdApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release1984200820172014
Current releasev18.1, March 20207.2.4, September 20122.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++C++, Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.no
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFTyes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDrizzleMemgraphTrafodion
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