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DBMS > 4D vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#292  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Score0.09
Rank#310  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.commemgraph.comgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.memgraph.comgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
Developer4D, IncDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph LtdTerark
Initial release1984200820172016
Current releasev18.1, March 20207.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license availablecommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.no
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFTnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissionsno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDrizzleMemgraphTerarkDB
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