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DBMS > 4D vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#292  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Score51.62
Rank#20  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.4d.commemgraph.comlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.memgraph.comlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
Developer4D, IncDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph LtdApache Software Foundation
Initial release1984200820172006
Current releasev18.1, March 20207.2.4, September 20128.6.2, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxAll OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJava plugins
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFTyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissionsyes

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDrizzleMemgraphSolr
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