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DBMS > 4D vs. Drizzle vs. LokiJS vs. Memgraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Drizzle vs. LokiJS vs. Memgraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.In-memory JavaScript DBMSA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scale
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.53
Rank#222  Overall
#32  Document stores
Score0.13
Rank#292  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSmemgraph.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.memgraph.com
Developer4D, IncDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph Ltd
Initial release1984200820142017
Current releasev18.1, March 20207.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Sourcecommercial infoFree license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaScriptC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCJavaScript APIBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Java
PHP
JavaScript.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnoneSharding infodynamic graph partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneMulti-source replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infowith snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPnoUsers, roles and permissions

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDrizzleLokiJSMemgraph
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