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DBMS > 4D vs. Drizzle vs. Greenplum vs. Memgraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Drizzle vs. Greenplum vs. Memgraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Analytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scale
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score12.55
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#292  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.compivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplummemgraph.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comgpdb.docs.pivotal.iodocs.memgraph.com
Developer4D, IncDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerPivotal Software Inc.Memgraph Ltd
Initial release1984200820052017
Current releasev18.1, March 20207.2.4, September 20126.7.1, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoFree license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infosince Version 4.2no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsyesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCJDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Java
PHP
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationMulti-source replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDrizzleGreenplumMemgraph
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