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DBMS > 4D vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Memgraph

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Memgraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scale
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#95  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#106  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score0.05
Rank#306  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablememgraph.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.memgraph.com
Developer4D, IncDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerGoogleMemgraph Ltd
Initial release1984200820152017
Current releasev17.0, July 20187.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialcommercial infoFree license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C++
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.no
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-Master replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID infowith snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDrizzleGoogle Cloud BigtableMemgraph
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