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DBMS > 4D vs. Dolt vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Dolt vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDolt  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA MySQL compatible DBMS with Git-like versioning of data and schemaMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#110  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.95
Rank#197  Overall
#93  Relational DBMS
Score829.80
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comgithub.com/­dolthub/­dolt
www.dolthub.com
www.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comdocs.dolthub.comlearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
Developer4D, IncDoltHub IncMicrosoft
Initial release198420181989
Current releasev20, April 2023SQL Server 2022, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
CLI Client
HTTP REST
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infocurrently in alpha releaseTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationA database can be cloned to multiple locations and be used there in isolation. Data/schema changes can be pushed/pulled explicitly between locations.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsOnly one user is configurable, and must be specified in the config file at startupfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDoltMicrosoft SQL Server
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24 July 2023, MarkTechPost

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