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DBMS > 4D vs. Dgraph vs. ITTIA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Dgraph vs. ITTIA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonITTIA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEdge Time Series DBMS with Real-Time Stream Processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score1.42
Rank#153  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#279  Overall
#23  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdgraph.iowww.ittia.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comdgraph.io/­docs
Developer4D, IncDgraph Labs, Inc.ITTIA L.L.C.
Initial release198420162007
Current releasev20, April 20238.7
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeFixed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesFloat/Blob/Integer/String/Unicode/Date/Time/Timestamp/Interval
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSynchronous replication via Raftyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsno infoPlanned for future releasesDatabase file passwords

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDgraphITTIA
DB-Engines blog posts

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