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DBMS > 4D vs. Derby vs. eXtremeDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Derby vs. eXtremeDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Titan

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Natively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score6.22
Rank#61  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#225  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score52.86
Rank#19  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdb.apache.org/­derbywww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilywww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmltitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmhelp.sap.com/­hanagithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationMcObjectSAPAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release19841997200120102012
Current releasev18.1, March 202010.15.2.0, March 20208.1, November 20192.0 SPS04 (April 5, 2019), April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infosupport of XML interfaces availableno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLyesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Stored ProceduresyesSQLScript, Ryes
Triggersyesyesyes infoby defining eventsyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioning / shardingyesyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
yesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyesyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBeXtremeDBSAP HANATitan
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
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Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
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Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
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Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBeXtremeDBSAP HANATitan
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