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DBMS > 4D vs. Derby vs. SAP HANA vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Derby vs. SAP HANA vs. TerminusDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Document store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.74
Rank#108  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score6.15
Rank#62  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score54.24
Rank#19  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#295  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdb.apache.org/­derbywww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlterminusdb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­hanaterminusdb.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationSAPDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release1984199720102018
Current releasev18.1, March 202010.15.2.0, March 20202.0 SPS04 (AprilĀ 5, 2019), April 20191.1.1, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaProlog, Rust
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAppliance or cloud-serviceLinux
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyesSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBCJDBC
ODBC
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
JavaJavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Stored ProceduresSQLScript, Ryes
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyesGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationyesJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesRole-based access control

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBSAP HANATerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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