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DBMS > 4D vs. Derby vs. eXtremeDB vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Derby vs. eXtremeDB vs. Redis vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Natively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#109  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score5.79
Rank#63  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score0.64
Rank#208  Overall
#102  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score155.01
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score50.87
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdb.apache.org/­derbywww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilyredis.iowww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­extremedb.htmredis.io/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationMcObjectSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSAP
Initial release19841997200120092010
Current releasev18.1, March 202010.15.2.0, March 20208.1, November 20196.0.10 , January 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Fully managed cloud service by the makers of Redis.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infosupport of XML interfaces availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Stored ProceduresyesLuaSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyes infoby defining eventsnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBeXtremeDBRedisSAP HANA
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Redis, benchmarked as the world's fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
» more
Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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Redis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Redis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
The licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBeXtremeDBRedisSAP HANA
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