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DBMS > 4D vs. Derby vs. eXtremeDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Derby vs. eXtremeDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Natively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringMicrosofts relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score6.22
Rank#61  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#225  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score1062.76
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score52.86
Rank#19  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdb.apache.org/­derbywww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilywww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationMcObjectMicrosoftSAP
Initial release19841997200119892010
Current releasev18.1, March 202010.15.2.0, March 20208.1, November 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS04 (April 5, 2019), April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infosupport of XML interfaces availableyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Stored ProceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyes infoby defining eventsyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioning / shardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBeXtremeDBMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
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Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBeXtremeDBMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
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