DB-EngineseXtremeDB: Active Replication Fabric for Reliable IoT Database ManagementEnglish
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DBMS > 4D vs. Derby vs. eXtremeDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Derby vs. eXtremeDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Natively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Wide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score6.22
Rank#61  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#225  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score3.67
Rank#84  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score52.86
Rank#19  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdb.apache.org/­derbywww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilycloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docshelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationMcObjectGoogleSAP
Initial release19841997200120152010
Current releasev18.1, March 202010.15.2.0, March 20208.1, November 20192.0 SPS04 (April 5, 2019), April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hostedAppliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infosupport of XML interfaces availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Stored ProceduresyesnoSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyes infoby defining eventsnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBeXtremeDBGoogle Cloud BigtableSAP HANA
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
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Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBeXtremeDBGoogle Cloud BigtableSAP HANA
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