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DBMS > 4D vs. CrateDB vs. Derby vs. eXtremeDB vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CrateDB vs. Derby vs. eXtremeDB vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemDistributed Date Store based on LuceneFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Natively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Search engine
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.71
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#190  Overall
#93  Relational DBMS
#12  Search engines
Score6.22
Rank#61  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#225  Overall
#108  Relational DBMS
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score52.86
Rank#19  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comcrate.iodb.apache.org/­derbywww.mcobject.com/­extremedbfamilywww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comcrate.io/­docsdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­eXtremeDB.htmhelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncCrateApache Software FoundationMcObjectSAP
Initial release19842013199720012010
Current releasev18.1, March 202010.15.2.0, March 20208.1, November 20192.0 SPS04 (April 5, 2019), April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
eXtremeDB on AWS: High performance DBMS for HPC and Capital Market computing
Implementation languageJavaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno infosupport of XML interfaces availableno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes, but no triggers and constraintsyesyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsJava Stored ProceduresyesSQLScript, R
Triggersyesnoyesyes infoby defining eventsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonehorizontal partitioning / shardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factorSource-replica replicationActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCrateDBDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBeXtremeDBSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
eXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
eXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
IoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Schneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
With hundreds of customers and over 28 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
For server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCrateDBDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBeXtremeDBSAP HANA
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