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DBMS > 4D vs. Couchbase vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Couchbase vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score28.86
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score0.45
Rank#245  Overall
#115  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.couchbase.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.couchbase.comtrafodion.apache.org
Developer4D, IncCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release198420112014
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021Server: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20192.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++, Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesFunctions and timers in JavaScriptJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseTrafodion
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseTrafodion
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