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DBMS > 4D vs. Couchbase vs. TDengine vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Couchbase vs. TDengine vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonTDengine  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesTime Series DBMS and big data platformTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#108  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score27.91
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1.07
Rank#171  Overall
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score0.45
Rank#246  Overall
#119  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.couchbase.comgithub.com/­taosdata/­TDengine
tdengine.com
trafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.couchbase.comwww.taosdata.com/­en/­documentationtrafodion.apache.org
Developer4D, IncCouchbase, Inc.Taos DataApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release1984201120192014
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021Server: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20212.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL V3, also commercial editions availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangCC++, Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJDBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
Python
Rust
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolyes, via alarm monitoringno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yesyes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseTDengineTrafodion
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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One of the modules of TDengine is the time-series database. However, in addition...
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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Performance improvement over 10 times: An innovative data storage structure is defined,...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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IT Infrastructure, Servers and Applications Monitoring Internet of Cars, Trucks,...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
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Fastest growing database With more than 15,500 stars on GitHub
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Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
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Open Source (AGPL v3) Enterprise / Cloud (https://www.taosdata.com/en/support/)
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseTDengineTrafodion
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