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DBMS > 4D vs. atoti vs. Couchbase vs. InfinityDB vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. atoti vs. Couchbase vs. InfinityDB vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonatoti  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonInfinityDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn in-memory DBMS combining transactional and analytical processing to handle the aggregation of ever-changing data.JSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA Java embedded Key-Value Store which extends the Java Map interfaceIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSObject oriented DBMSDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#265  Overall
#15  Object oriented DBMS
Score28.45
Rank#28  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score0.04
Rank#325  Overall
#50  Key-value stores
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.atoti.iowww.couchbase.comboilerbay.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.couchbase.comboilerbay.com/­infinitydb/­manualdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncActiveViamCouchbase, Inc.Boiler Bay Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984201120021998
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021Server: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20194.011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree versions availableOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageJavaC, C++, Go and ErlangJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infonested virtual Java Maps, multi-value, logical ‘tuple space’ runtime Schema upgradeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes infoall Java primitives, Date, CLOB, BLOB, huge sparse arraysyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesno infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92Multidimensional Expressions (MDX)Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsAccess via java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentNavigableMap Interface
Proprietary API to InfinityDB ItemSpace (boilerbay.com/­docs/­ItemSpaceDataStructures.htm)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
JavaC
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPythonFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoPL/SQL
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
noneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency infoREAD-COMMITTED or SERIALIZEDImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoOptimistic locking for transactions; no isolation for bulk loadsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionatotiCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseInfinityDBTimesTen
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionatotiCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseInfinityDBTimesTen
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