DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. CouchDB vs. Oracle vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CouchDB vs. Oracle vs. Tibero

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Widely used RDBMSA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.64
Rank#104  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score16.68
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1340.26
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.90
Rank#123  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comcouchdb.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasetechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOracleTmaxSoft
Initial release1984200519802003
Current releasev18.1, March 20203.0, February 202019c, February 20196, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++C and Assembler
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions in JavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblePersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioninghorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"OracleTibero
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"OracleTibero
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

NoSQL Databases Software Market Growth, Rising Trends and Business Outlook 2020 to 2026 | Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB
2 July 2020, Cole of Duty

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

Introducing IBM Cloudant on Transaction Engine: Cloud Native by Design
23 June 2020, DevOps.com

CouchDB 3.0 puts safety first
27 February 2020, InfoWorld

NoSQL Software Market Growth Opportunities, Incremental Revenue by: MongoDB, OrientDB, Amazon, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, ArangoDB, CouchDB
9 July 2020, 3rd Watch News

provided by Google News

Analysis: Oracle Cloud@Customer brings breakthrough full cloud experience on-premises
14 July 2020, SiliconANGLE

Oracle Autonomous Database Now Available In Customer Datacenters
9 July 2020, MarTech Series

Google Cloud wants to lift and shift your existing workloads
14 July 2020, ZDNet

Hey Larry Ellison: Top Microsoft Priority Is Replacing Oracle Databases
15 June 2020, Cloud Wars

Optimize Your Oracle Database for a Multi-cloud World
7 July 2020, ITPro Today

provided by Google News

TmaxSoft to Supply Database Management Software to Hyundai and Kia
25 June 2019, PRNewswire

TmaxSoft is using clear licensing to woo Oracle database users
15 August 2016, PCWorld

TmaxData to supply database management software to Hyundai, Kia
12 June 2019, Korea Times

Hyundai and Kia Say Good-bye to Oracle and Choose Tmax as DBMS Vendor
13 June 2019, BusinessKorea

JumpMind Releases SymmetricDS Pro 3.10 Data Replication Software
10 May 2019, PR Web

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Jr. C# Developer
Melissa Global Intelligence, RSM, CA

Software Engineer
Dimagi, Massachusetts

Software Engineer
Dimagi, Cambridge, MA

PHP Developer
Mindfire Technology, Layton, UT

Technical Business Analyst - 2437
Comcast, Wayne, PA

Oracle Database Administrator (DBA)
C3 Business Solutions, Newport Beach, CA

Oracle Database Programmer
Information Analysis, United States

Senior Oracle Applications Database Administrator (Database Administrator)
Infobean, New York, NY

Oracle Database Administrator
Virginia Dept of Taxation, Richmond, VA

Oracle Database Administrator 19c
FIS Global, Little Rock, AR

Software Engineer
GLOVIS America, West Point, GA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here