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DBMS > 4D vs. CouchDB vs. LevelDB vs. RDF4J vs. Sequoiadb

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CouchDB vs. LevelDB vs. RDF4J vs. Sequoiadb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSequoiadb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.NewSQL database with distributed OLTP and SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value storeRDF storeDocument store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#102  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score17.39
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.13
Rank#95  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score0.50
Rank#220  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score0.31
Rank#254  Overall
#34  Document stores
#116  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comcouchdb.apache.orggithub.com/­google/­leveldbrdf4j.orgwww.sequoiadb.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablegithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdrdf4j.org/­documentationwww.sequoiadb.com/­en/­index.php?m=Files&a=index
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogleSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Sequoiadb Ltd.
Initial release19842005201120042013
Current releasev18.1, March 20203.0, February 20201.22, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoServer: AGPL; Client: Apache V2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyesyes infooid, date, timestamp, binary, regex
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nononoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJava API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions in JavaScriptnoyesJavaScript
Triggersyesyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0nonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
nonenoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedDocument is locked during a transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenonosimple password-based access control

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LevelDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSequoiadb
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