DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. CouchDB vs. LeanXcale vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. CouchDB vs. LeanXcale vs. Oracle NoSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#110  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score16.56
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.16
Rank#299  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#138  Relational DBMS
Score4.41
Rank#86  Overall
#16  Document stores
#14  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comcouchdb.apache.orgwww.leanxcale.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerLeanXcaleOracle
Initial release1984200520152011
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.2.2, April 202222.2, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnooptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes infothrough Apache DerbySQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
Java
Scala
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions in JavaScriptno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Electable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LeanXcaleOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LeanXcaleOracle NoSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

How to install the CouchDB NoSQL database on Debian Server 11
16 June 2022, TechRepublic

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

WAPPLES web application firewall faulted for multiple flaws
15 September 2022, The Daily Swig

How to deploy CouchDB as a cluster with Docker
30 June 2022, TechRepublic

NoSQL Databases Software Market Size and Scope 2022 Research Report by Downstream Market Overview, Competitive Landscape, Performance Analysis and Forecast till 2026
22 September 2022, Digital Journal

provided by Google News

Oracle NoSQL database comes to the cloud
2 April 2020, TechTarget

Oracle Beefs Up Its NoSQL Database Offering
3 April 2014, Data Center Knowledge

Oracle and Microsoft Rolling Out Database Service for Azure
25 July 2022, Datamation

Cloud database comparison: AWS, Microsoft, Google and Oracle
23 August 2022, TechTarget

Oracle, Uni. Of Mauritius develop breast cancer awareness app
21 April 2022, Africanews English

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Architect, Junior
Booz Allen Hamilton, McLean, VA

Engineering Manager
Shipt, Birmingham, AL

Software Engineer
Maverc Technologies, Columbia, MD

Full-Stack Software Developer
Third Iron, Saint Paul, MN

Software Support Engineer
TangoCode, Chicago, IL

Manager Database Platform Engineering - Oracle / NoSQL
QVC, Saint Petersburg, FL

Business Intelligence Engineer, Catalog Authorization, Brand Protection
Amazon.com Services LLC, Remote

Data Engineer
Sandoval Technology Solutions LLC, San Antonio, TX

Software Engineering
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Plano, TX

Amazon Robotics - Data Engineer (DE) Co-op - Spring 2023
Amazon.com Services LLC, Westborough, MA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

Neo4j NODES 2022
Free online conference for developers and data scientists.
November 16/17 2022.
Register now for free!

Present your product here